Looking to improve your crochet skills, or maybe just spice up some of your regular patterns with some intermediate crochet stitches? I’m going to walk you through 10 of my favorite stitches that make me feel challenged, and add a little spice to the mix!
In order to give you the best head start on these 10 patterns, I’m going to share a video on each stitch, and then give you some of my favorite patterns so that you can start practicing straight away.
They say that learning by doing is 2x more effective than any other method, and what better way to learn by doing than to make some awesome new creations!
Some of these require specialized hooks, so I’ve included links to where you can pick those up to. Thankfully none require specialized yarn – so I’ll leave the yarn selection to you! You can also use cross stitch frames for this project.
- Tunisian Crochet
- Double-Ended Crochet
- Hairpin Lace Crochet
- Broomstick Lace Crochet
- Pineapple Lace Crochet
- Bullion Crochet
- Loop Crochet
- Granite Crochet
- Griddle Crochet
- Popcorn Crochet
How to Tunisian Crochet
Also known as Afghan crochet, Tunisian Crochet is often considered a cross between knitting and crochet, and in fact can be used to mimic the look of knitting. This is because loops are kept on the hook and then worked off. One of the most common stitches for Tunisian Crochet is the Tunisian Simple Stitch.
The technique uses a special crochet hook with a stopper at the end. Ideally you want to use a hook that is at least two sizes bigger than the hook you would typically use for the same size of yarn.
According to ChiWei Ranck of One Dog Woof, “You are using a single hook, but you’re also keeping all the stitches on that hook, similar to knitting. It’s a great way to branch out or take a break from your usual projects, and maybe use some different muscles than you’re used too”.
So let’s take a look at how to use Tunisian crochet by way of our favorite YouTube video on the subject, courtesy of the amazing TL Yarn Crafts TV.
Once you’ve watched the video a few times and feel you have a good grasp on Tunisian crochet, check out this awesome pattern for a Tunisian pinwheel square.
How to Double-Ended Crochet
Also known as double end crochet, crochet on the double, or crochet knit, double ended crochet is a cousin of Tunisian crochet, and builds upon that knowledge.
As you would expect from the name, double end crochet uses a double ended hook utilizing a different color or weight yarn for each hook, which gives it an intricate look.
Kim Grozman of Crochet Kim has an excellent blog on the differences - it's a long read but really gets into the detail.
Some of the points she makes are:
- You don’t have to complete an entire row before you close the stitches
- It doesn't curl like regular crochet because you're working from both sides
- You can easily make fully reversible projects, with a different color or even stitch on each side.
All that being said, check out this awesome video from Bethintx1 on how to double end crochet.
Once you've watched the video a few times and feel like you have a good handle on the technique, check out this wonderful pattern for a double ended baby blanket.
How to Hairpin Lace Crochet
This technique uses standard crochet hooks in conjunction with an adjustable hairpin lace loom to create beautiful lace like patterns. Even basic stitches like single crochet will see amazing results, though holding the loom while stitching does take some getting used to.
The Red Heart Design Team over at Yarnspirations actually has a couple of fun facts about hairpin lace crochet:
Back in the Victorian era, before hairpin lace looms, this technique was done on women's U-shaped hairpins, and that is where the name comes from. According to Stitch Story, hairpin lace may have been invented by Katherine of Aragon and was also once known as Kat Stitch. Over time it has also been called French Ground, Wire Ground and Six Pointed Star Ground Stitch. Cami at Crochet Spot says it may also have been called Turkish firkete, Staple Work, and Fork Work.
In the following video, Bernat Yarns walks you through the basic strip - check out the rest of her channel for more hairpin lace crochet tutorials.
Once you've watched this and a few other of Bernat Yarns' videos and you feel like you're ready to take this baby on, check out this beautiful pattern to create a hairpin lace scarf. You can also check out Underground Crafter's May 2015 special on hairpin lace that covers techniques and some wonderful patterns.
How to Broomstick Lace Crochet
This is one of my favorites, and you might also know it as jiffy lace or peacock lace.
Broomstick Lace is actually on the slightly harder side of this list - mainly because it's so awkward! To make things a little easier on yourself, I've always been told to start this one with something that has a little give, like a good synthetic yarn.
For this technique you'll want a crochet hook plus some thick object like a large sized knitting needle.
This video from Donna Wolfe of Naztazia will walk you through the basics - but don't worry, I have some mores resources below!
Broomstick lace crochet is actually kind of tricky, so if you feel like the video doesn't quite get you there, check out this super comprehensive tutorial from Hello Speckless. It's packed with pictures and great advice - between that and the video you should have no issues.
Once you feel like you have a handle on broomstick lace crochet, check out this killer pattern for a broomstick lace headband.
How to Pineapple Lace Crochet
One of the simplest and yet intense intermediate techniques, that requires no specialized tools, are pineapple lace patterns, a motif used in vintage crochet lace. While they do use basic stitches, you have to concentrate to keep your place.
For these you use traveling chain stitches to create stunning pineapple shapes and of course pineapples can be used individually as doilies or even appliqués. Alternatively, they can be stitched together to make various other projects.
This video from Elena Rugal actually runs over half an hour, and will bring you right through everything you need to know.
Once you've watched the video the whole way and feel like you have a good handle on pineapple stitch crochet, check out this super fetching pattern for a Pineapple Lace Bikini Cropped Vest. Breanne over at Hooked On HomeMade Happiness also has a wonderful pattern for a pineapple crochet top.
How to Bullion Crochet
Almost a 3D stitch, the highly textured bullion stitch is a beautiful choice for making all sorts of accessories. To bullion crochet, you'll need a long needle with a small eye such as the milliner needle.
The basic idea here is to work a lot of yarn overs then pull the hook through them all at once. The bullion stitch is a bit tricky to master, but it's an excellent way to step up your crochet game.
Start by wrapping the yarn around the hook (the number of wraps varies according to the pattern), then insert your hook into the stitch where you want to place the bullion.
Yarn over while keeping the loops loose, then draw through all the loops. Yarn over once again and draw through the loop. Here's a helpful bullion stitch tutorial by Lolli and Grace.
How to Loop Crochet
Loop crochet gives you long loose loops that are perfect for creating lovely details and adding plush texture. Getting the loops of this stitch to be all the same length is the key skill you're trying to master.
To loop crochet, begin by wrapping the yarn over your index finger (of your yarn hand) from front to back to make a loop. Pull this loop on to the top of the hook.
Now, you should see two yarn strands that form one loop. Pull both strands through the loop on the hook and yarn over. Draw through all three hooks on your hook to complete one loop.
Check out Claudette Crochet for an easy loop stitch tutorial. In this tutorial it's recommended to use the crochet hook that is recommended for the yarn you're using. It's handy to have different size crochet hooks on hand to make completing any project a breeze.
How to Granite Crochet
The Granite stitch is pretty simple to make but it offers a more interesting texture compared to a basic crochet stitch.
You'll start by crocheting an even number of chain stitches then single crochet in the fourth chain from the hook. *Ch 1, sk1, sc in next chain. Repeat from* across the row and finish with single crochet in the last chain. Turn, ch2 sc in first ch-1 sp. *Ch 1, sc in next ch-1 sp. Repeat from* across and finish with single crochet in the ch-3 sp at row end. Repeat the last step to continue the pattern but end with sc in ch-2 because there's no ch-3 after the first row. This tutorial from CrochetHooksYou can help nail granite crochet.
How to Griddle Crochet
If you want to create a dense texture with warm fabric, give griddle crochet a try. Begin with a foundation chain that's a multiple of 2 + 2. Skip 3 (counts as first double crochet). *1 sc, 1 dc. Repeat across row. End with sc stitch. Turn. Chain 3 (counts as first dc). 1 sc, 1 dc. Repeat across row. End with sc stitch. Repeat the last step to continue the pattern. Check out this tutorial from Tamara Kelly - Moogly for a bit of guidance.
How to Popcorn Crochet
Worked into a single stitch, popcorn crochet adds texture, dimension, and fun to any project. Simply choose where you want to put the stitch then make 5 dc in that stitch. Remove the hook from the work and re-insert it into the top chain of the first dc in the set. Put back the loop on the hook and pull through then continue crocheting as normal. This tutorial by HopefulHoney does a great job demonstrating the steps.
Time to Get Stitching!
Hope you liked these! Were any of them new to you? Share the ones you liked the best in the comments, enjoy!
I’m a stay at home mom with our two kids. I really enjoy doing crafts with my toddler however, that is typically a challenge with her limited attention span, messiness, and desire to always have clean hands. So, I’m always looking for ways to make crafting an enjoyable experience and fond memory for the both of us.