Sculpture is the art of making three-dimensional objects. They can be abstract or representational and can be made from many different materials. The end results can be freestanding or in the form of reliefs on two-dimensional art.
The techniques used to make sculptures include shaping, modeling, assembling, carving, or casting and they involve different levels of ability. As long as the finished visual object can be appreciated in three dimensions, it can be called a sculpture. The cost of making a sculpture can vary enormously with bronze and marble being particularly costly materials. However, the good news is that it is possible to make sculptures from more everyday materials, such as paper and cardboard.
The tools you need to make a sculpture will depend upon the nature of the material you are using. This can range from an adhesive to join materials such as cardboard to a potter’s wheel for turning clay.
Sculpture can be a daunting prospect for many would-be artists and it often involves more preparation than drawing or painting. However, it is a very satisfying art and can be very therapeutic to do. Beginners often look for sculpture ideas that give them an opportunity to learn a technique quickly and produce something easily. Sculpture is an activity that anyone of any age can do as it’s great for all the family including young children who will enjoy the sensory aspect. All you need to get started is some materials, some tools, and a little creativity.
Here are 5 of the easiest sculpture ideas to make:
Easy Paper Sculpture Ideas
Paper sculptures are very accessible to make since they only require some sheets of paper and some scissors. You can try making a sculpture at a low initial cost.
The easiest way to start is to cut out some simple shapes such as circles, squares, rectangles, or triangles. You can choose colored or white paper. To help with the shapes you can start with some card templates to draw around, print out some templates or use objects as templates.
Once you have a selection of shapes you can join them without any need for glue. You simply snip a slit on each side of the shapes and then you can join shapes together by sliding one slit into another. The great thing with this is that it isn’t a permanent structure, and you can easily take the shapes apart and start again providing you take care not to rip the paper.
By joining the shapes together randomly you will create an abstract shape that can stand by itself. Since paper is lightweight it should be easy to ensure it is stable.
Once you have got the hang of the technique you can try out more advanced sculpture ideas by following instructions or ideas you find on the internet. Maybe a Christmas-themed tree or a Halloween ghost to make with the children. You can decorate the paper to create features and improve the look. If you can’t find a pattern you can always think of your own ideas by choosing appropriate shapes to make a model of a car or a building.
Easy Cardboard Sculpture Ideas
Have you ever wondered what to do with all the Amazon packaging that you have collected when ordering your Black Friday deals or Christmas presents? How about starting the ultimate cardboard recycling project by making easy cardboard sculptures?
The thing with cardboard, particularly corrugated cardboard, is that it is extremely strong and durable. This means you can be even more adventurous with your designs.
To get going you can start by using the same snip and slit technique that you used with paper. The difference here is that the structure will be much stronger, and you can therefore build your sculpture much bigger and get it to stand up on its own more easily.
To start with, pick ideas that have a straight structure such as a building. Using cardboard to create box-like structures is an easy way to make a strong sculpture. You can be move on to be more adventurous and use a variety of shapes and you can also cut out parts of the shape to give extra details.
For more Cardboard sculpture ideas, how about a 3D robot or a fairy castle with windows? You can paint the cardboard shapes before you start to connect them together or you can paint later. Don’t get the cardboard too wet as the structure might collapse. If the slits are not enough to hold the structure together then you can use tape or glue to help. If you choose to glue, then consider using a clip to hold it in place until it dries.
Easy Clay Sculpture Ideas
There are several different types of clay that can be used for making sculptures, but the easiest clay to use at home is air-dry clay. Unlike wet clay that needs to be fired in an oven or oil-based clay that remains soft, it will harden once left to dry so the sculpture remains permanent. Don’t forget to protect your surfaces by using a mat when you are making your sculpture.
Clay is a very satisfying material to use and is easier to work with than you might think. One of the easiest sculpture ideas for clay involves rolling out the clay flat, using a square cookie cutter to cut out a tile then using a tool (a pencil will do) or a cocktail stick to make patterns in the clay. Once dried this can be painted and will make a perfect coaster for drinks. You can seal the finished object with PVA glue for a hard shine that will help it to withstand liquids. Another fun idea with air-dry clay is to paint your final sculpture.
If you want to try out different modeling techniques, then you can roll your clay into balls and squeeze and manipulate it into your desired shape. It’s probably best to have some idea of what you want to end up with although it is also a good idea to take time to practice shaping to see how the clay responds to your hands. You may need to add some water to stop it from drying out too quickly and to remain malleable.
One tip to help you is to avoid anything that protrudes too far. Small pieces of clay that stick out are likely to become very brittle when they dry and may snap off. For example, a head is easier to sculpt than a whole body with legs. You can form details such as noses by pinching the clay gently. The pinching technique is essential for most objects such as making simple pots and adding 3D effects.
The final technique for easy sculpture ideas is to use is the relief technique. This involves adding clay shapes to your flat base. You can try rolling a long worm of clay and spiraling it onto a clay tile to create abstract patterns or flowers. This will look great once painted and will leave a lovely 3D effect.
Easy Snow Sculpture Ideas
Obviously, the essential material to make a snow sculpture is snow and I do mean more than a small flurry. If you have had a good covering then put on your gloves and thermals and head out to the yard for some sculpting fun.
The obvious sculpture ideas for snow are snowmen, but the same technique can be used to build all sorts of things. To start, you will need to make a densely packed ball of snow otherwise known as a snowball. If the snow is too fluffy and powdery you will not be able to get the ball to stay together. Once made you simply need to roll it along in the snow, so it gradually increases in size. Keep packing it together so it holds its shape. You will need a large ball for the bottom, a smaller one for the middle, and an even smaller one for the head.
The nice thing about snow is that it sticks itself together as it is frozen so you will simply need to balance the balls on top of each other to get the shape. To add the details you can use a scarf, a hat, and something for the eyes, nose, and mouth like pebbles or fruit.
Now, how about more of a challenge? You can poke holes and make indentations into your balls to create different animals. A seal is an easy shape to start with or maybe choose Baymax from Big Hero 6 as his rounded shape is perfect. If the snow is packed together tightly you can chip, poke and mold away to form the shapes you want and add details to make it recognizable. Unfortunately, as the temperature rises your snow sculpture will melt away so it’s best to get a photo to remind you of your creative efforts.
Easy Sand Sculpture Ideas
Every child who has visited the beach will have made a sandcastle. It’s the easiest of sculpture ideas as it is formed by filling a bucket with damp sand, patting it down, and tipping it over to reveal the castle or mound. Just a bucket and shovel to make a sculpture.
Of course, this sounds easy but there are some important things to remember. Dry sand or soggy sand will collapse and not hold its shape. Damp sand is the best. You also need to flatten some sand to make a secure base for your sculpture. Now if you want to be more advanced than a single bucket shape you could combine the shapes by balancing smaller ones on top to create a larger building. You can also add details by using a stick to mark lines for windows and doors.
If you want to make something different you can try molding the sand by hand. Scoop up damp sand and shape it like clay. It will be fragile and can easily collapse but if you add the right amount of water, it should hold a shape that you can compact and smooth with your hand. Easy sculpture ideas are a turtle, a crab, or a car big enough to sit in! You add the details and cut away using tools. You can buy specialist clay tools or use old popsicle sticks. To remove excess sand just blow it away to leave a clear finish.
I’m a stay at home mom with our two kids. I really enjoy doing crafts with my kids however, that is typically a challenge with how limited their attention span can be and how messy it gets. So, I’m always looking for ways to make crafting an enjoyable experience and creating fond memory for all of us.