How To Tie a Tie – Easy 13 Different Ways

Tying a tie can be a daunting task for many, especially if you’re not used to wearing one regularly. However, mastering the art of tying a knot is an essential skill that every man should know.

A well-tied tie can make all the difference in your appearance and confidence level. In this article, we’ll guide you through the steps on how to tie a tie using different knots.

From the classic Windsor knot to the simple four-in-hand knot, we’ve got you covered. So whether you’re getting ready for an important job interview or attending a formal event, read on to learn how to achieve that perfect knot and elevate your outfit game.

13 Ways to Tie a Tie

1. The Half Windsor Knot

Half Windsor Knot step by step

Looking for a knot that strikes the perfect balance between formal and casual? The Half Windsor Knot is your answer. This knot is versatile, elegant, and easy to tie once you get the hang of it. It’s neither too big nor too small, making it suitable for almost any occasion.

One great thing about the Half Windsor Knot is how many variations there are. You can adjust both the size and shape of the knot by playing around with different wrapping techniques. For instance, if you want a slimmer knot, try using fewer wraps when tying the knot itself. If you want a more symmetrical look, make sure each wrap around your neck is even.

When choosing which variation of the Half Windsor Knot to use, consider what type of event you’re attending. A sleeker version may be better suited for a black-tie affair while a looser style might look better at an outdoor wedding or during a business meeting.

Additionally, take into account both collar types and tie fabrics as these factors will also impact which variation looks best on you. With just a bit of experimentation, you’ll find your perfect fit!

2. The Full Windsor Knot

Full Windsor Knot step by step

Now that you’ve learned the ins and outs of the Half Windsor Knot, it’s time to move onto its bigger brother – The Full Windsor Knot. This knot is a timeless classic, perfect for formal occasions where you want to make an impression. It’s also named after the Duke of Windsor who popularized it in the 1930s.

While tying this knot may seem intimidating at first, don’t worry! With a little practice and patience, you’ll be able to master it in no time. However, there are some common mistakes to watch out for such as not tightening the knot enough or making the tie too short or long. Take your time and follow each step carefully.

As with most knots, there are variations on how to tie The Full Windsor Knot depending on personal preference and style. Some people prefer a slimmer knot while others like it wider. Additionally, fashion trends come into play when choosing which variation of The Full Windsor Knot works best for you. If you’re unsure what direction to take, try experimenting until you find one that suits both your neckwear and overall look.

Here are some tips and tricks to keep in mind when tackling The Full Windsor Knot:

1) Start with the wide end of your tie on your right side and extend it about 12 inches below the narrow end.

2) Cross the wide end over the narrow end before bringing it up through the loop around your neck.

3) Bring the wide end down through the loop again but this time pass it behind the narrow end before coming back up through the loop once more.

4) Finally, bring the wide end down through the knot in front then tuck it behind them so they hang straight down from their loops.

3. The Pratt Knot

Pratt Knot step by step

When it comes to tying a tie, the Pratt knot is one of the most versatile and popular options out there. This knot was invented by Jerry Pratt in 1984 and has since become a go-to choice for those looking for a slightly asymmetrical look.

One of the great things about the Pratt knot is that it’s adaptable to different kinds of ties. For wide ties, simply make larger loops when tying the knot. Conversely, if you’re working with a narrow tie, make smaller loops so that the knot doesn’t overpower your outfit.

If you’re new to tie-tying in general, don’t worry – the Pratt knot is actually one of the easier knots to master! With just a bit of practice, you’ll be able to create this stylish yet approachable look in no time at all.

And once you’ve got down the basics, feel free to experiment with some of the many variations on this classic style.

4. The Four-In-Hand Knot

Four-In-Hand Knot step by step

As you continue to master the art of tying a tie, it’s essential to learn different knot variations. One such variation is the Four-in-Hand Knot, which is both simple and elegant.

This popular knot has been around for over 100 years and remains a go-to option for many.

To start, ensure that your necktie length is appropriate – the tip should reach just above your trouser waistband. For this knot, a narrower tie width works best as broader ties can result in an unflattering bulky look.

Once you’ve selected your desired tie, drape it around your collar with the seam facing inward, then cross the wide end over the narrow end.

Now comes the fun part: creating the knot itself! Simply loop the wide end behind and over the narrow end before bringing it up through the neck loop from below. Tighten according to preference; some prefer tight knots while others like looser ones.

Pair this knot with dress shirts featuring spread or point collars for maximum impact. With these tips in mind, you’ll be well on your way to mastering this classic knot variation!

5. The Bow Tie

How to tie a bow tie explanation steps
How to tie a bow tie explanation steps, illustrated vector scheme. Gentleman style fashion knowledge. Numbered cheat sheet diagram with knot example.

Now that you’ve mastered the Four-in-Hand Knot, it’s time to move on to a more formal tie option: the bow tie.

Bow ties come in all shapes and sizes, from classic black silk to whimsical printed fabrics. It’s important to choose a style that fits both your personality and the occasion. There are many different styles of bow ties, including the Butterfly, Batwing, Diamond Point, and Club Round. Each has its own unique shape and size, so make sure to try on several options before making a decision.

When it comes to materials, silk is always a safe choice for a classic look, but don’t be afraid to experiment with cotton or wool for something more casual. When matching a bow tie with a suit, remember that contrast is key. If your suit is dark-colored, opt for a lighter colored bow tie or vice versa. Additionally, consider the pattern of your shirt when choosing a bow tie – if your shirt already has bold stripes or prints, stick with a solid color for your bow tie.

Finally, keep in mind that there are specific bow tie etiquette rules – traditionally they are reserved for more formal occasions like weddings and black-tie events. Bow ties have been around since the 17th century and were originally worn by Croatian mercenaries during the Thirty Years’ War as part of their military uniform. They became popularized in France during the 18th century among upper-class men who wore them as an accessory alongside their morning coats. Today they remain an elegant fashion statement for any formal event.

Remembering these tips will help you achieve the perfect bow tie look! Experiment with different styles and don’t be afraid to show off your personal flair while following proper etiquette rules. Happy tying!

6. The Eldredge Knot

How to Tie A Perfect Eldredge Necktie Knot

Ready to take your tie game up a notch? Look no further than the Eldredge knot, a unique and intricate way to tie your neckwear. This knot is sure to turn heads and make you stand out in any crowd. While it may seem intimidating at first glance, with some practice and patience, anyone can master this impressive knot.

The history of the Eldredge knot is somewhat mysterious, as its origins are not well-documented. Some believe it was created by Jeffrey Eldredge, a man from Michigan who allegedly invented the knot in 2007. Others speculate that it has been around for much longer but remained relatively unknown until more recently.

Regardless of its origin story, one thing is certain: the Eldredge knot is a bold statement piece that commands attention.

There are many variations of the Eldredge knot, making it versatile enough to wear for both formal events and casual attire. For a more polished look, stick with classic colors like black or navy blue and pair with a crisp white shirt. If you’re feeling adventurous, try incorporating brighter hues into your outfit or experimenting with different patterns on your tie.

Whatever style you choose, be confident in rocking this eye-catching knot – after all, fashion is about taking risks!

7. The Merovingian Knot

How to Tie a Merovingian Knot | Men's Fashion

The Merovingian Knot is a sophisticated and elegant way of tying your tie. It originated from the French aristocracy in the early 7th century, during the reign of King Chlothar II. This knot was named after the Merovingian dynasty, which ruled France at that time.

There are several variations and styles to choose from when it comes to tying this knot. The most common style is the classic version, where the knot sits perfectly on top of your collar with symmetrical loops on both sides.

Another variation is called the ‘asymmetrical’ or ‘lopsided’ Merovingian Knot, which gives off a more laid-back vibe.

This knot is perfect for formal occasions like weddings, black-tie events, or job interviews.

To match shirt colors with this knot, opt for solid-colored shirts such as white, light blue, or pastels.

Celebrities who have been spotted wearing this knot include David Beckham and Ryan Gosling – showcasing just how stylish and timeless this look can be!

8. The Trinity Knot

How to Tie a Perfect Trinity Necktie Knot

The Trinity Knot is a relatively new addition to the tie knot repertoire, but it has quickly gained popularity for its unique and intricate design. This knot is perfect for those looking to add some variety to their formal wear or spice up their casual outfits. However, be warned – this knot is not for beginners.

The difficulty level of the Trinity Knot varies depending on your experience with tying ties. For seasoned tie-wearers, it may only take a few tries to master the art of this knot. But for those who are newer to the game, expect a bit of frustration and practice before achieving success. Remember that patience is key when learning any new skill!

One of the most striking things about the Trinity Knot is its symmetry – three loops perfectly interwoven in an elegant and eye-catching pattern. This makes it ideal for formal occasions where you want to make a statement, but can also work well as an unexpected detail for more casual wear.

No matter how you choose to rock this knot, just remember: practice makes perfect!

9. The Nicky Knot

How to Tie a Nicky Knot | Men's Fashion

Now that you’ve mastered the Trinity Knot, it’s time to move on to another popular knot: the Nicky Knot.

Unlike the intricate and eye-catching Trinity Knot, the Nicky Knot is simple and symmetrical. It’s a great choice for those who prefer a classic look without too much fuss.

There are variations of the Nicky Knot depending on how tight or loose you want it to be. You can also adjust the size of the knot by varying the length of each end of your tie before starting.

Compared to other knots like the Windsor or Half-Windsor, the Nicky Knot requires fewer steps but still looks polished and put together.

The Nicky Knot is versatile enough for different occasions, from job interviews to weddings. Its simplicity makes it an ideal choice if you’re unsure which knot would match your outfit best.

Additionally, this knot works well with most collar types – whether you have a spread collar or a button-down one, the Nicky Knot will always come through for you.

With practice, you’ll get comfortable tying this knot in no time!

10. The Onassis Knot

How to Tie a Tie Onassis Knot

The Onassis Knot is a unique and stylish way to tie your tie. It’s named after the Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis, who was known for his impeccable fashion sense. This knot is perfect for those looking to add some flair to their outfit while still maintaining a professional appearance.

One of the benefits of the Onassis Knot is its versatility. There are several variations that you can try depending on your personal style or the occasion you’re dressing up for. Some popular variations include the Double Onassis Knot, which is essentially two knots stacked on top of each other, and the Half-Windsor-Onassis Hybrid, which combines elements from both knots.

The history behind the Onassis Knot dates back to the 1960s when it first gained popularity among celebrities and high society members. Today, it remains a favorite amongst fashion-forward individuals who want to stand out from the crowd.

When compared to other knots like the Windsor or Four-in-Hand, the Onassis Knot offers a more unique look that sets you apart.

When deciding whether or not to use this knot for an event or meeting, consider the type of collar you’ll be wearing. The Onassis Knot works best with wide-spread collars since it requires a larger loop around your neck. Additionally, it’s ideal for occasions where you want to make a statement without being too flashy – think business meetings or weddings.

Remember, tying a tie should be fun! Experiment with different styles until you find one that suits your personality and makes you feel confident in any situation. With its rich history, versatile variations, and unique aesthetic appeal, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t give the Onassis Knot a try at least once in your life!

11. The Kelvin Knot

Kelvin Knot step by step
Instructions on how to tie a tie on the turquoise background of the eight steps. Kelvin knot . Vector Illustration

Moving on from the Onassis Knot, there are plenty of different knot options to choose from when tying a tie. One of these is the Kelvin Knot, which offers its own unique look and style. This knot is often preferred for formal occasions or business settings.

When it comes to variations of the Kelvin Knot, one can experiment with how tight or loose they want the finished product to be. Additionally, this knot can work well with both skinny ties and thick ties. It’s important to note that while it may take some practice, mastering the Kelvin Knot can add a level of sophistication and elegance to any outfit.

Overall, if you’re looking for an alternative option beyond the traditional knots like the Windsor or Four-in-Hand, give the Kelvin Knot a try. Its versatility in terms of tie thickness and formality make it a great addition to any tie-wearer’s repertoire.

12. The Cavendish Knot

How to Tie a Tie - The Cavendish Knot

The Cavendish Knot is a classic and elegant knot that adds sophistication to any outfit. It’s also known as the English Knot, which emphasizes its origin in Great Britain.

This knot has variations suitable for different occasions, such as the Half Windsor or Full Windsor.

History and Variations: The Cavendish Knot was named after Sir Henry Cavendish, an English scientist who lived during the 18th century. However, it wasn’t until decades later that this knot became popular among gentlemen worldwide.

Today, there are many variations of this knot, each with slight differences in shape and size.

Step by Step Instructions: To tie a Cavendish Knot, start by draping the tie around your neck with the wide end on your right side and about four inches lower than the narrow end on your left side.

Then cross the wide end over the narrow end twice before bringing it up through the loop between your collar and tie. Next, bring it down through the loop you made earlier and then tuck it behind the narrow end.

Now wrap it around both sides of the knot from front to back before bringing it up again through the loop you created earlier. Finally, adjust accordingly until you achieve your desired look.

Matching Outfits and Common Mistakes: The Cavendish Knot looks best when paired with dress shirts with pointed collars or spread collars since they provide enough space for showcasing its intricate design.

As for common mistakes to avoid when tying this knot, make sure not to twist or fold one part of your tie while creating the knots because doing so will ruin its overall appearance.

Video Tutorials: For those struggling to visualize how to create a perfect Cavendish Knot based on written instructions alone – fear not! There are plenty of video tutorials available online that offer step-by-step guidance along with useful tips for achieving a polished finish every time!

13. The Oriental Knot

oriental tie knot step by step

1. Position the Tie

Positioning the tie is the next step in creating an Oriental knot. Imagine yourself standing in front of a mirror, with your shirt buttoned up and collar standing stiffly away from your neck. You bring the wide end of the tie around your neck and drape it over your shoulder, letting it fall down to about navel-height. With both hands holding the wide end of the tie, you pull it across to the opposite side and let it fall on top of the narrow end. Now you have two ends that need to be tied together in a knot.

2. Wrap and Cross Over the Wide End

Hold the wide end of the tie and wrap it around your neck. The fabric should feel soft as you bring it across your chest and over to the side. Secure this by tucking it into the collar of your shirt, ensuring that the two ends are of equal length. Now cross the wide end from one side to the other, forming a diagonal line across your chest. Make sure that the wide end is not too long or too short – an even length will create a balanced look for your knot. Adjust if necessary before you continue on to tieing off your knot in a neat bow.

3. Pull the Narrow End Through the Loop

Now that you have the knot set up, it’s time to pull the narrow end of the tie through the loop. It might seem like a tricky maneuver, but with a little patience and practice you’ll be tying those knots like a pro!
Start by grasping the knot in one hand and using your other hand to pull the narrow end of the tie through the loop. It is important to ensure that all of the fabric is straightened out as you do this. Once you have pulled it through, move both ends down so that they hang evenly at each side of your neck. Now you are ready to adjust your tie and make sure it looks perfect!

Choosing The Right Tie

When choosing a tie, it’s important to consider the occasion and level of formality. Formal events call for conservative colors like navy or burgundy, while casual ties can be more playful with patterns and bolder colors. Matching patterns is also key – if you’re wearing a patterned shirt, opt for a solid-colored tie that complements one of the colors in the shirt.

Color coordination is another factor to keep in mind when selecting a tie. A general rule of thumb is to choose a tie color that contrasts with your shirt color, but still complements it. For example, pairing a blue shirt with an orange or yellow tie creates a vibrant contrast.

Fabric choices also play into this decision – silk ties are appropriate for formal occasions, while knit ties work well for more casual settings.

Accessorizing with ties can add extra flair to an outfit. Adding a lapel pin or pocket square can elevate the look even further. However, be mindful not to go overboard with accessories – less is often more when it comes to tying an ensemble together seamlessly.

By considering these factors when selecting your next tie, you’ll be sure to make a statement without compromising on style or appropriateness for any occasion.

Preparing The Tie

Now that you have chosen the perfect tie to wear for your occasion, it’s time to prepare it. Before tying the knot, ensure that the tie is ironed and free from any creases or wrinkles. This step will give a polished look to your outfit.

Choosing the right fabric is also crucial in preparing your tie. The most common fabrics used are silk and polyester, but there are other options such as wool and cotton. Each fabric has its own unique texture and appearance, so choose one that complements your suit well.

Measuring length is another important factor when preparing a tie. A standard length of a tie is around 58-60 inches long, but if you’re taller or shorter than average, make sure to adjust accordingly. It’s better to have a slightly longer tie than a too-short one.

  1. Ironing Tie: To remove creases or wrinkles from your tie, place it on an ironing board with low heat setting.
  2. Choosing Fabric: Consider factors like durability, texture, pattern and breathability before selecting a suitable fabric.
  3. Storing Ties: Hang them up individually on hangers or roll them neatly in tissue paper before storing them in drawers.

Matching color between the shirt and the tie can elevate your overall look; avoid clashing colors by choosing complementary hues instead. Lastly, after wearing your ties for the day, store them properly by hanging them up separately or rolling each one carefully before putting them away in storage compartments.

Remember these tips when preparing your ties for future use because they significantly impact how you present yourself during formal events or even daily work attire!

Adjust And Secure The Knot

Once the knot is properly formed, it’s time to adjust and secure it. To do this, begin by pulling the wide end of the tie up and down to make sure the knot is comfortably positioned in the middle of your collar. If it isn’t, loosen and retighten until it fits correctly. After that, you should tighten the knot by pulling firmly on both ends at once. Make sure not to pull too hard or you may risk distorting the knot. Once you’ve achieved a snug fit, use your fingers to adjust the size and shape of the knot for an aesthetically pleasing look. With these simple steps, you’ll have a stylish oriental tie knot that will complete any outfit!

Adjusting And Securing The Knot

As you look at yourself in the mirror, take a moment to appreciate the elegance that a well-tied tie can bring to any outfit. Adjusting and securing the knot is just as important as tying it correctly.

This section will cover some key factors to consider when perfecting your knot.

Firstly, neck size plays an essential role in how tight or loose your knot should be. A larger neck requires a looser knot, whereas a smaller neck needs a tighter one.

Additionally, tie length also affects how tightly the knot sits against your collar. Make sure the tail end of the tie reaches just above your belt buckle for optimal balance.

Collar type and tie material are also crucial elements to keep in mind while adjusting and securing the knot. For example, narrow collars work best with smaller knots like the Four-in-Hand, while wider spread collars require larger knots such as Full Windsor or Half Windsor. Furthermore, thicker materials like wool demand more space in their knots than thinner silk ties do.

Remember these tips when perfecting your knot: adjust its tightness according to your neck size; ensure proper tail length; choose suitable knots based on collar type and tie material.

With these considerations accounted for, you’ll achieve a sharp-looking tie every time – ready for any occasion!

Finishing Touches

Now that you’ve adjusted and secured your knot, it’s time to move on to the finishing touches. This is where accessorizing options come into play. Whether you choose a pin or no pin, a tie clip or tie bar, can make all the difference in elevating your look.

When considering matching collar styles, remember that not every combination works well together. For example, a spread collar pairs nicely with a full Windsor knot while a point collar looks best with a half Windsor. It’s important to take note of these details as they can greatly enhance your overall appearance.

Lastly, choosing the right knot size is crucial for achieving balance and proportion in your outfit. A smaller knot like the Four-in-Hand is great for casual occasions while larger knots such as the Full Windsor are better suited for formal events. Keep this in mind when selecting your knot type and adjust accordingly based on personal preference and occasion.

Remember to experiment with different accessories and knot sizes until you find what works best for you. With careful consideration of these details, tying a tie can become an enjoyable task rather than just another mundane chore in getting ready each day.

Troubleshooting Tips

Adjusting the Knot:
To ensure the knot is tight, gently pull the narrow end of the tie to adjust the knot after it’s tied.

Tying Multiple Ties:
If you’re tying multiple ties, practice tying them on a flat surface first to ensure you’re using the correct technique.

Adjusting the Knot:
Make sure you pull the wide end of the tie to adjust the knot so it’s not too loose or too tight.

Tying Multiple Ties:
It’s helpful to use a mirror to check that the knot is even when you’re tying multiple ties.

Adjusting The Knot

When it comes to tying a tie, achieving the perfect knot is only half of the battle. Adjusting and fine-tuning the knot can make all the difference in your overall appearance.

If you find that your knot is too tight, try using a loosening technique by gently pulling on the narrow end of the tie while holding onto the knot with your other hand. Conversely, if your knot is too loose, use a tightening method by holding onto both ends of the tie and pulling them away from each other until the knot becomes snug.

Another consideration when adjusting your knot is your neck size. A larger neck may require more length in the tie or a wider knot to achieve symmetry. Additionally, collar type adjustment should be taken into account as some collars sit higher or lower on the neck than others. This could affect how high up or low down on the tie you need to adjust for optimal fit.

Lastly, don’t forget about tips for ensuring proper symmetry in your knot. One trick is to hold onto both sides of the knot and pull outward at an angle to create a triangular shape before tightening fully. Another tip is to ensure that both sides of the tie are pulled through equally so that they meet at even lengths behind the front of your shirt.

With these adjustments and troubleshooting tips in mind, you’ll be sure to have a perfectly tied and tailored look every time without fail!

Tying Multiple Ties

Now that we’ve covered some troubleshooting tips for tying a single tie, let’s move on to the challenge of tying multiple ties. Mixing patterns and layering ties can be daunting at first, but with the right techniques, you can create a stylish look that matches any occasion.

When it comes to matching ties to occasions, consider the formality of the event and choose colors and patterns accordingly. For example, solid colors or simple stripes are great for business meetings, while bold prints or bright hues work well for social events.

When layering ties, make sure each one is visible and complements the others in terms of color and pattern. Tie length is another important factor when it comes to tying multiple ties. The bottom tie should be longer than the top one by 1-2 inches to avoid bunching or overlapping.

As for knot variations, try experimenting with different styles such as the Windsor knot or half-Windsor knot for added depth and texture to your ensemble. Remember, practice makes perfect!

Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Should My Tie Be?

The ideal length of a tie is determined by your height and body type.

When choosing the width, keep in mind that wider ties are better suited for formal occasions while narrower ones work well for casual events.

Knot styles also play a role in determining how long your tie should be, as some knots require more length than others.

If you find that your tie is too long, adjust it by pulling down on the narrow end until it reaches the desired length.

In general, formal settings call for longer ties while shorter ties work best in casual situations.

Remember to take all these factors into consideration when selecting the perfect tie length for any occasion!

Can I Wear a Tie with a Button-Down Collar?

Yes, you can wear a tie with a button-down collar! However, it’s important to keep in mind some button down etiquette.

For example, choose the right knot option – a Windsor or Half-Windsor knot will work well. Also, consider casual combos like pairing your tie with jeans and sneakers for a laid-back look. And don’t forget about accessories like tie clips to keep everything in place.

When it comes to material, silk ties are more formal while knit ties have a more relaxed vibe. Ultimately, wearing a tie with a button-down collar can be stylish and versatile if done correctly!

What Colors and Patterns are Appropriate for Different Occasions?

When it comes to choosing the right tie, there are a few key factors to consider beyond just matching your shirt.

Color psychology plays a big role in how people perceive you, so keep that in mind when selecting hues for different occasions.

Cultural differences can also come into play – for example, bright colors or bold patterns may be seen as too flashy in some settings.

Fabric options like silk and wool offer different textures and weights, while trending patterns like stripes or polka dots can add personality to an outfit.

Ultimately though, personal style preferences should guide your choices – after all, confidence is always in fashion!

How Do I Match My Tie to My Shirt and Suit?

Matching your tie to your shirt and suit is all about color coordination, texture matching, pattern mixing, contrasting options, and style considerations. It may seem like a daunting task at first, but with a little practice and attention to detail, you can easily create a cohesive look that will elevate your overall appearance.

When selecting a tie, consider the colors in both your shirt and suit – opt for complementary hues or choose a tie that incorporates shades from both pieces. Texture also plays an important role; pairing a silk tie with a woolen suit creates an interesting contrast while keeping the look sophisticated.

Additionally, don’t be afraid to mix patterns – just ensure they’re of different scales so as not to clash. And finally, take into account the occasion when choosing your outfit – formal events call for more classic styles while creative workplaces allow for bolder choices.

By following these guidelines, you’ll be able to effortlessly match your ties to your shirts and suits every time.

How Do I Care for My Tie to Make It Last Longer?

To care for your tie and make it last longer, there are a few cleaning methods you can use depending on the fabric type.

For silk ties, spot clean with a damp cloth or take to a professional dry cleaner.

Polyester and microfiber ties can be hand-washed in cold water and mild detergent.

When storing your ties, do not hang them on sharp hooks as this could cause damage over time – instead opt for a tie rack or fold them neatly in a drawer.

Ironing techniques will differ based on the material of your tie, so always check the label before applying heat.

If you encounter any stains, try using white vinegar or club soda to remove them gently.

By following these simple tips, you’ll keep your favorite ties looking fresh and stylish for years to come!